Argumentative essay tutorial – a must read

Crafting an Effective Argumentative Essay: A Comprehensive Tutorial

An argumentative essay is a type of academic writing that aims to persuade the reader to accept a particular point of view or position. The essay’s success depends on the strength of the argument, the quality of the evidence, and the clarity of the writing. In this tutorial, we will outline the essential steps to crafting an effective argumentative essay, which include:

  1. Selecting a topic and position
  2. Conducting research
  3. Crafting a thesis statement
  4. Outlining your essay
  5. Writing the introduction, body, and conclusion
  6. Revising and editing

Step 1: Selecting a Topic and Position

The first step in crafting an argumentative essay is to choose a topic that is both relevant and debatable. Ensure that the topic has at least two opposing viewpoints, allowing you to present a well-rounded argument. Once you have selected a topic, take a position based on your own beliefs and research.

Step 2: Conducting Research

To effectively argue your position, you need to gather credible and reliable evidence. Conduct thorough research on your topic, utilizing academic journals, books, news articles, and reputable websites. Collect data, statistics, and expert opinions that support your position, and also familiarize yourself with counterarguments to address them in your essay.

Step 3: Crafting a Thesis Statement

Your thesis statement is the central claim of your essay, succinctly stating your position on the topic. It should be clear, specific, and arguable. Your thesis statement should be included in the introduction, setting the stage for the rest of your essay.

Step 4: Outlining Your Essay

An outline helps to organize your thoughts and ensure that your essay has a logical flow. Typically, an argumentative essay follows the five-paragraph structure: introduction, three body paragraphs, and conclusion. The introduction should include your thesis statement, the body paragraphs should present your arguments and evidence, and the conclusion should restate your thesis and summarize your main points.

Step 5: Writing the Introduction, Body, and Conclusion

Introduction: Begin your essay with a hook that grabs the reader’s attention. Provide some background information on your topic, and end the introduction with your thesis statement.

Body: In each body paragraph, present a clear argument supported by evidence. Start with a topic sentence, followed by the evidence, and explain how the evidence supports your argument. Address counterarguments, explaining why they are not as convincing as your position.

Conclusion: Restate your thesis and summarize your main points. End with a closing statement that emphasizes the significance of your argument and its implications.

Step 6: Revising and Editing

After completing your first draft, take some time to revise your essay. Ensure that your arguments are well-supported and logically organized. Check for grammatical errors, spelling mistakes, and punctuation issues, and make sure your essay adheres to the required formatting guidelines.


By following these steps, you can craft a persuasive and engaging argumentative essay. Remember, the key to success lies in selecting a debatable topic, conducting thorough research, and presenting a strong, well-supported argument. Be patient and persistent, and your argumentative essay skills will surely improve over time.

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