Reading strategies: how to read


Reading strategies

What do you do during reading?

see what you should do whenever you are reading.

Cross-check one sentence with another.

Ask yourself whether the word looks right, sounds right and makes sense.

Re-read when problems occur. You may need to return to the beginning of a sentence or paragraph and read it again.

Predict and confirm what you expect to see, what you think will happen next, whether it makes sense and whether you are finding answers to your questions about the topic.


Skip, read on and go back. Sometimes


you can skip an unfamiliar word and read to the end of a sentence or a paragraph, thinking about what would make sense. Then, using the context, go back, re-read and try to determine the meaning of the



Connect background knowledge to the

information in the text.

You should think about what you already know about the subject and the kind of material you are

reading. Think about how the information is similar to what you already know about the topic, event or person.


Think about explicit and implicit


Think about what information is given directly. Also think about what you know from reading that is

not directly stated in words, such as how a character’s actions show his/her feelings or why things may have happened, based on the clues the writer gives.


Stop and review.

If you are reading a longer text, stop and think about what has happened in the story so far or what

information has been given.




Making notes when reading

Making notes (note-taking) is an essential part of reading to comprehend.

It is a form of summarising, extracting the essential

Points from the whole book or story. At meetings, lectures, or in other activities such as listening to a sermon, it is impossible to Write everything. In these circumstances, good note-taking is essential.

Note-taking is a method of recording important information for future use.

Good notes should be as brief as possible without leaving out essential details.

The title of a book,

story or sermon will be enough to guide you in taking notes. Notes can be taken during a

talk or immediately afterwards but should not be delayed more than necessary. A note that is not taken without delay may lose some of the

Vital points and then accuracy will be lost.

In summary:

Notes must be highly selective. Only significant points should be noted.

Write out the sub-topics boldly and always remember to leave wide margins where you can make further comments later. For easy handling and filing, use paper

of the same size As you write, use your own English

expressions. The ideas in the notes should relate to one

another. Orderliness is important.


reading strategies


what do you do after reading?

Retell and summarıse: talk to someone

or write what happened in the story. Try

to include characters, plot and important

events. If it’s non-fiction, review what

information was presented.

Draw conclusions: Think about what

predictions you made before and during

reading. Look back and think about

what you read. Then consider how the

information you read relates to what

you already knew about the topic. Ask

whether your questions were answered

Or whether you still have more questions

about the topic.

Re-read: Read through the text or a section

again to help you understand it better.

Discuss and respond: Talk with someone about what you have read. Ask each other


Write to support understanding: Write

about what you have read, telling what

it made you think of or what you learned.



Reading to paraphrase poems

A paraphrase is a statement that expresses in a

shorter, clearer or different way what someon

has said or written. When you paraphrase, yo

translate a given passage into another form

using your own words and expressions.

Poems are often written in elevated and

condensed language. A poem is a work in

which language is used in a special way You cannot paraphrase a poem unless you

understand it. So, you need to read and re

read the poem to understand it.

Since poems make special use of lan-

guage, using imaginative, rhythmic,

or metaphorical qualities and intensity

u need to identify words and phrases

that are so specially used. Replace these

with your own modern expressions

Poems are written in a special language

but the paraphrase is written in prose

and this will require that more words

are used.

Are idioms, proverbs, metaphorical

language used? Identify these and

change them to your own English ex

pressions. Old, obsolete, Latin-base

words are common in poetry. Do awa

with these and use substitutes in com

mon everyday English.

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